Global health increasingly plays an important role both in global security and the population. With world economies constantly growing from commerce to international travel, it is crucial to think about health in a worldwide context. You may hardly find a week going without a headline highlighting the emergence or re-emergence of a health challenge.
Approximately 800 Million People Are Undernourished
The rich are becoming richer and the underprivileged remain hungry. Millions of people around the globe have not enough money to get one meal a day. Even in developed countries, about 100 million people consistently deal with food insecurity and hunger.
The opioid epidemic has considerable health implications such as augmented hospitalizations, an increasing number of babies with neonatal abstinence syndrome, and substance addiction. Policymakers look forward to diverse social factors such as housing, criminal justice interventions, employment, and community engagement to combat the crisis. Though a lot of research and advancement in the domain is still required.
Dementia and Tuberculosis
Unfortunately, dementia and tuberculosis kill approximately 1.5 million people worldwide every year. Treatments are being developed for the rising ailments, though more attention is needed to save millions of people. Tuberculosis typically afflicts young people whereas symptoms of dementia appear later in life. It is found that Dementia is the third leading cause of death among developed countries and is on number 5th in developing countries.
Communicable and Non-Communicable Conditions
The rate of non-communicable causes such as stroke, heart diseases, and other injuries is drastically increasing. Also, the death rate for communicable diseases such as tuberculosis and malaria is rising. Many developing countries are dealing with the dual burden of disease-prevention and controlling infectious diseases. At the same time, they need to address multiple health threats for non-communicable conditions along with environmental health risks. Many social and financial conditions around the world are changing and therefore enhanced focus is required to address non-communicable ailments, substance abuse, and psychological health.
The massive scope of global health threats is being acknowledged worldwide. The frameworks and regulations are designed to avoid the spread of diseases while reducing any interruption of world travel and trade. Students pursuing education and career in the dynamic field of global health policy will have tremendous opportunities to work internationally and contribute to the global healthcare sector.